The American with Disabilities Act (ADA) was passed in 1990 and was amended in 2008 (ADAAA.) The Act protects individuals with disabilities from discrimination that may occur as a result of misconceptions, attitudinal barriers, and/or failure to provide appropriate accommodations, auxiliary aids, or services. Obligations of colleges and universities are outlined under Title 2 of the ADA.
ADA definition of disability: Having a record of or being regarded as having a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life.
Source: Americans with Disabilities Act, 42 U.S.C. § 12102(2)
Major life activities include: caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, sleeping, walking, standing, lifting, bending, speaking, breathing, learning, reading, concentrating, thinking, communicating, and working, functions of the immune system, normal cell growth, digestive, bowel, bladder, neurological, brain, respiratory, circulatory, endocrine, and reproductive functions.
Source: 42 U.S.C. § 12102 (as amended by the ADA Amendments Act of 2008)
Breakdown of specific reported disabilities in the US (source: U.S. Census 2000).
-9.3 million reported having a sensory disability involving sight or hearing.
-21.2 million reported having a disability that limits their ability to engage in basic physical activity such as walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting or carrying.
-12.4 million reported having a physical, mental or emotional condition that makes it difficult to learn, remember or concentrate.
-18.2 million reported their disability makes it difficult to venture outside the home.
People with disabilities constitute the nation’s largest minority group, and the only group any of us can become a member of at any time. (Source: 2009 Disability Funders Network)
Next week: A chance to test your knowledge and win an Arts and Bevs gift certificate courtesy of Secchia Institute of Culinary Arts.